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Causes of Homelessness

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❶Homeless families among households that receive government assistance are also in an undesirable position.

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Homeless in America
Research Paper on Homelessness
Homelessness

Poverty was a well-known issue during the Civil War and many children ended up homeless and in orphanages simply because their parents, or remaining parent, could not afford to take care of them. War often leads to loss of life, and therefore loss of income in families, especially during this time. Our country was still newly formed and there were no social welfare programs as of yet. Further along in history, during the Great Depression, jobs were lost, and the rates of homeless again, increased throughout America.

Natural Disasters are another factor in the homelessness problem. The snowball effect of unemployment and poverty attribute to homelessness. People living in generational poverty, for example, may not have the knowledge or resources to become educated and move out of poverty.

People living in generational poverty do not have the resources and support to become educated and move out of poverty. In , the official rate of poverty in America was Another category of homeless is the very people who fought for our country: One in three homeless people are veterans.

During the Great Depression, jobs were lost, and the rates of homeless again, increased throughout America. Many of the homelessness are those we do not see on street corners, asking for help.

The primary reason for family homelessness is the lack of affordable housing, though poverty, unemployment, low-paying jobs, family disputes, substance abuse, and other factors all play significant roles in family homelessness. Children are also not exempt from the issue of homelessness. We may not see them on the streets, but families with children are the largest growing segment of the homeless population.

Many times, because of the lack of a permanent residence, children miss or change schools, disrupting their education. According to the Institute for Children and Poverty, homeless children are nine times more likely to repeat a grade, four times more likely to drop out of school, and three times more likely to be placed in special education programs than their housed peers. Runaway youth are also at a high level of risk for homelessness.

Homeless and runaway youth had been interviewed after getting into trouble with the law while out on the streets. It was found that some young people felt like they had to make mistakes before they realized they needed help. Rather than learning from seeing their friends get into trouble, they had to try out risky behavior themselves and see the consequences first hand. In this same study, there were three main things that were key to helping out these youth.

The first was that the programs designed for runaway and homeless youth need to be flexible and person-centered. The second is that people are more valuable than programs and that process is more important than outcomes.

The third is the importance of family and friends. Even after these kids leave or abandon their homes, these relationships often need healing.

Homelessness is a national problem and is not exclusive to cities. Rural areas make up 7 percent of the population. Catastrophic life events can trigger homelessness. Single moms in America have grown dramatically over the past 50 years. This has created an epidemic of poverty in our country.

So many factors contribute to homelessness, many of which are unavoidable. Personal accounts of the homeless in America stated the intense loneliness of being homeless. Because of this loneliness, many single homeless people turn to drugs or alcohol for comfort and a way to escape their current situation.

One homeless man stated that once an employer found out he had no phone, no vehicle, and no residence, his application was thrown away. It is an epidemic of the young, the old, the educated, and the uneducated. Many of these homeless stay out of sight. As social workers, we can provide information on assistance and programs that are available through the state and government.

Many of these people simply need a hand up and do not know where to start. On a micro level, we may need to start with the basic needs of the homeless person. Shelter is the first need to be addressed, but the reasons behind being homeless also have to be addressed.

There is usually a root of the problem when it comes to homelessness. Some examples may be a recent divorce, addiction, mental illness, or loss of employment. Also on the micro level we can work as counselors or referrals to health care professionals such as psychiatrists.

Also, introducing the homeless to any programs or help that is available in their local area would be an example of micro level social work. There are a vast array of concerns and reasons for homeless that need to be addressed. On a mezzo level, we may work with organizations such as http: Many homeless people lived in places called Skid Row.

Then cities started to grow, and in the mid s One million SROs were replaced with parking lots, buildings and apartments. Skid Row eventually vanished. Then the government decided to decriminalize what was left to control. That means there were a great many homeless people that would normally be arrested under these conditions, still roaming the streets. Women and children started to filter in to the homeless scene, and then in a huge recession in the s 11,, people were laid off 9.

The numbers of homeless people soared. President Reagan and Bush dropped public housing funds from 30 billion dollars to 6. By the beginning of the s, over one million people were on waiting lists for homes. These are usually men in their 40s or 50s who sit around all day and do nothing. They lie and cheat and honestly deserve nothing because they could never give anything if they were forced to. Drugs are everywhere on the streets.

Such drugs as cocaine, heroine, and morphine plague certain areas. AIDS often spreads like wildfire among people who share un-sterilized needles, and once a person contracts the HIV virus, they become a statistic in the disabled category.

Even the people with full time jobs are in need of permanent residence. These people live on eating scraps of food from trash cans, and possible meals from shelters on occasion, but those are usually three times a week at dinner, or some other type of schedule.

People who have homes rarely think, nor can comprehend what terrible things that the homeless have to go through. They live in abandoned buildings, cars, buses, boxes, on park benches and underground. They eat bits of old fruit and meat with the mold and green sludge scrapped off. I have realized that there seem to be two main elements in saving a homeless person. The government needs to help homeless people get back on their feet. Also, the homeless need to get up on their own two feet, for themselves.

A vendor gets the papers for free or low cost, sells them for something like a dollar and keeps 55 cents, or a little more than half, for each sold.

The homeless can then use this money to pay for food, shelter, and etcetera. Many shelters exist whose primary goal is to help the homeless get a job and home. They offer computer teachers, landscapers, welders, and other types of craft that can be used in society today.

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I. Introduction Thesis The homeless problem in America The reasons people become homeless Raising awareness and organizations II. Body A The homeless problem in America.

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As the number of homeless people has risen, homelessness has become a central feature of life in America. Broadly, homelessness is viewed as either the result of individual choices and/or a poor.

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Homeless in America Abstract Homelessness in America is at an all-time high because of the economy and job layoffs and people losing their homes due to the recession. A deficiency of inexpensive housing and the limited balance of housing support. This article presents an overview of the issue of homelessness. An estimated , people are homeless at any given point in time in the United States; more than 1 million people use sheltered.